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Scientists discovered new element ruthenium

Scientists discovered new element with distinctive magnetic properties

The new material will soon revolutionize the tech market. Besides, it will create a whole new space for the improvements of sensors, computer memories, and logic devices. Moreover, the element will improve the overall standards of any device having magnetic materials in it.

According to the author of the newly published paper, Jian-Ping Wang, “Magnetism is always amazing. It proves itself again. We are excited and grateful to be the first group to experimentally demonstrate and add the fourth ferromagnetic element at room temperature to the periodic table.” Interestingly, besides being the corresponded author of the paper, Jian-Ping Wang is also the professor of the University of Minnesota in the United States, and is a pioneer in this field of research.

Ferromagnetism is the main mechanism of any material for which it can become a permanent magnet. Besides, this property is also the key factor for any material to be attracted to magnets. Since the ancient times, iron (Fe) is known for its ferromagnetic properties. And, this phenomenon can be traced through the use of lodestone in navigation systems several hundred or even thousands of years ago.

Since the ancient times, only three elements are believed to have unique ferromagnetic properties at room temperatures. Iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), and cobalt (Co) fit perfectly in the category, and a rare earth element called gadolinium (Gd) narrowly missed its position by only 8 degree Celsius.

Materials with ferromagnetic properties are now becoming a primary element for the modern technological industries. They are used in almost each and every gadget that we use in our daily life, such as generators, electric motors, sensors, or even in hard disks and media drives. Recently, ferromagnetic elements became the path-breaking material for the innovation of spintronic memories. Besides, the subject ferromagnetism itself is now used for several fundamental studies.

But as we all know, great discoveries always come through even greater degrees of hard works. And while talking about the rigorous work behind this discovery, Jian-Ping Wang said “It took us about two years to find a right way to grow this material and validate it. This work will trigger magnetic research community to look into fundamental aspects of magnetism for many well-known elements.”

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