A recent UN report has found that Countries and Governments are failing to meet the 2015 Paris agreement on global warming. Unless the commitments are made properly and actions are taken in time, we will be able to save ourselves from the worst effects of climate change.
Joyce Msuya, deputy executive director of UN Environment, said that, “The science is clear, for all the ambitious climate action we’ve seen, governments need to move faster and with greater urgency. We’re feeding this fire, while the means to extinguish it are within reach.”
According to UN, Greenhouse gas emissions continued to rise last-year, though they can be brought under control. Some promising signs have surfaced from the private sectors, making investment in renewable energy and other technology to cut down carbon emissions. However, at this point in time they are insufficient to meet the scientific advice.
Gunnar Luderer, one of the authors of the UN report and a senior scientist at Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Germany, said, “There is still a tremendous gap between words and deeds, between the targets agreed by governments and the measures to achieve these goals.” Further saying, “Only a rapid turnaround here can help. Emissions must be reduced by a quarter by 2030 [to keep global warming to no more than 2C (3.6F) above pre-industrial levels] and for 1.5C emissions would have to be halved.”
What this instills is that, governments and countries will have to triple their effort to keep the warming under 2C. In order to avoid most dangerous climate change effects.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), warned about dire effects of allowing global warming to reach 1.5C above pre-industrial levels, last month. With the time window of a decade to bring down greenhouse emissions before such dangerous levels become unavoidable.
According to IPCC, 57 countries which represent 60% of global greenhouse emissions are on the path to cause their emissions to peak before 2030. If these countries let emissions to rise, breaching the 1.5C limit. This will trigger rise in sea-levels, floods droughts and extreme weather effects.
These warnings come just before talks in Poland next month to discuss the implementation of the commitments made in Paris 2015 agreement.
Jian Liu, Chief scientist, UN Environment, said, “When governments embrace fiscal policy measures to subsidize low-carbon alternatives and tax fossil fuels, they can stimulate the right investments in the energy sector and significantly reduce carbon emissions. If all fossil fuel subsidies were phased out, global carbon emissions could be reduced by up to 10% by 2030.” He further commented that some of the necessary policies to implement change are clear and available, if only there was a political will to implement them.
Jennifer Morgan, executive director, Greenpeace International, said, “The window of opportunity is starting to close and if we fail to act now the opportunity will be gone. Failure to act will lock in a catastrophic global warming that will change the planet irrevocably and condemn millions to suffering. What are governments waiting for?”